One of the most important factors affecting health in women is cancer. This includes breast cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer. Cancer in general is a disease characterized by disproportionate, uninhibited growth of abnormal cells, which overrun and destroy other tissues. For some unknown reasons, frequency of certain cancers also varies globally. For example, breast cancer is more common in women living in wealthy countries, and cervical cancer is more common in poor countries. These women specific cancers are more common in people over the age of 50. Cancer usually develops gradually over many years, the result of a complex mix of environmental, nutritional, behavioral, and hereditary factors in women. Scientists do not completely understand the causes of cancer, but they know that certain lifestyle choices can reduce the risk of developing many types of cancer. Not smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising moderately for at least 30
minutes each day can lower the likelihood of developing cancer.
Another issue affecting women’s health concerns reproductive health. Due to the unique nature of the woman’s reproductive organs, they encounter health that involves the fallopian tubes, uterus, ovaries, pregnancy and childbearing. Most of these women’s diseases can be treated by qualified gynecologists and obstetricians. Women’s reproductive health receives the most interest all over the world because of its relation to sex and reproduction. There are also social issues like abortion, lesbianism and divorce. All these issues, both medical and social, should be handled with care to ensure a proper development of a girl to a lady and eventually to becoming a mother.
Also there are health issues that affect older women. An example is osteoporosis, a bone condition characterized by a decline in density, resulting in bones that are more porous and more prone to fracture as compared to normal bones. Usually, fractures of the wrist, spine, and hip are most prevalent; however, all bones can be affected. This health condition occurs 80% in women. White and Asian women are the most predisposed, however women of other races are also at significant risk. Other causative factors include low calcium intake, a thin build, insufficient physical activity, and certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, cigarette smoking, alcohol, and a family history of the disease.
In conclusion, most of these women health issues can be prevented and in some cases controlled through a healthy lifestyle, proper medical check-ups, frequent exercise and a sexual practice.